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How Do You Solve a Problem Like Reentry?

SUNY logoThis page has been created as a reference to my article in the SUNY Empire State College publication All About Mentoring, Issue 54, released in the fall of 2020 and edited by Alan Mandell and Karen LaBarge.

According to the website, “All About Mentoring provides opportunities for colleagues from across the college to share scholarly activities, to reflect on ideas and practices about teaching, learning and mentoring, and, prompted by essays, visual art, poetry, and reviews from in and outside of the college, to think about a range of issues, questions and experiences relevant to our common work.”

I’m honored to offer a submission to such an important way to support learning, especially during these socially distant times.

Cormac Behan’s full article from CEA Journal 2007:

Context, Creativity and Critical Reflection

Retrieved from:

Robert Martinson’s What Works? Questions and Answers About Prison Reform  what works martinson

retrieved from:

1997 South African Social Welfare White Paper


Retrieved from http://www.kzndsd.gov.za/Documents/2015/August/documents/WhitePaperforSocialWelfare1997.pdf

Bureau of Justice Statistics:     Prisoners 2018

Retrieved from https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=6846


1 Walden III, Racine, Wisconsin: https://www.rusd.org/district/walden-iii-middle-high-school

2 Fair Shake website: https://www.fairshake.net/.

3 Fair Shake Reentry Packet, now the Ownership Manual: https://www.fairshake.net/reentry-resources/reentry-packet/.

4 If you’d like to see the truck, and learn about the philosophy behind the bubbles, please check out the “On Sue’s Desk” page of the website and scroll down until you see Bubble Truck Philosophy (https://www.fairshake.net/suesdesk/).

5 To see the survey that the Federal Bureau of Prisons use to assess the “risk of recidivism,” please find the Measures of Criminal Attitudes and Associates (MCAA) survey on the Fair Shake website: (https://www.fairshake.net/risk-assessments/.), or on the Research and Practice in Corrections Lab website: https://sites.google.com/a/siu.edu/corrections-and-research_lab/Downloads. See the “Measures of Criminal Attitudes and Associates (MCAA)” questionnaire (please scroll down to find it) and the “Measures of Criminal and Antisocial Desistance (MCAD)” survey ¾ worth a moment while you’re there!


Alper, M., Durose, M. R., & Markman, J. (2018, May 23). 2018 update on prisoner recidivism: A 9-Year follow-up period (2005-2014). Retrieved from https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=6266

Bangura, A. K. (2005). Ubuntugogy: An African educational paradigm that transcends pedagogy, andragogy, ergonagy and heutagogy. Journal of Third World Studies, 22(2), 13-53.

Behan, C. (2007). Context, creativity and critical reflection: Education in correctional institutions. Journal of Correctional Education, 58(2), 157-169.

Carson, E. A. (2020). Prisoners in 2018. Retrieved from https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=6846

Cialdini, R. B. (1984). Influence: The psychology of persuasion. New York, NY: Harper Business.

Glassner, A, & Back, S. (2020). Exploring heutagogy in higher education: Academia meets the zeitgeist. Singapore, Asia: Springer.

Hughes, T., & Wilson, D. J. (2020). Reentry trends in the U.S. Retrieved from https://www.bjs.gov/content/reentry/reentry.cfm

Machado, A. (1912). Campos de castilla. Madrid, Spain: Ediciones Cátedra.

Mezirow, J. (1990). Fostering critical reflection in adulthood. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

National Institution of Justice. (2012, January). Lessons learned from 30 years of prison programs. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/239775.pdf

Republic of South Africa Department of Welfare. (1997). White paper for social welfare. Retrieved from http://www.kzndsd.gov.za/Documents/2015/August/documents/WhitePaperforSocialWelfare1997.pdf

Sawyer, W. (2017, April 10). How much do incarcerated people earn in each state? Retrieved from https://www.prisonpolicy.org/blog/2017/04/10/wages/

Tutu, D. (2015, October 6). Striving for Ubuntu. Retrieved from http://www.tutufoundationusa.org/2015/10/06/striving-for-ubuntu/

Criminogenic Needs Chart

Criminogenic Needs Factors














Risk Assessments


Dr. Ed Latessa – What Works and What Doesn’t in Reducing Recidivism