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Facts and FAQs about Sentencing & Reentry

 Information about Sentencing & Reentry


An important piece in understanding crime and our criminal justice system is to learn about the related facts and statistics. Sources like TV news, magazines, and newspapers have a story to tell so we get some facts, but not all the relevant information.

For instance, did you know that murderers are among the least likely to re-offend? Or that sentences for drug offenses are often much longer that those given for rape or murder. Fair Shake’s list of facts and statistics are far from the last word; they are here to pique your interest and encourage further research. Together we can assure that our laws, and the representatives that make them, reflect the society we want to be.

Everything in this section available Online Only


US Bureau of Justice Statistics



Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool:

This dynamic analysis tool allows you to examine National Prisoner Statistics (NPS) on inmates under the jurisdiction of both federal and state correctional authorities.

You can instantly generate tables of numbers and rates of national and jurisdictional statistics, from 1978 to the most recent year that NPS data are available. The web tool includes state-level prisoner data from the 50 state departments of corrections, the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP), and the District of Columbia (until 2001, when sentenced felons from the District became the responsibility of the BOP).

Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool Link

US Sentencing CommissionUS Sentencing Commission


Quick Facts publications give readers basic facts about a single area of federal crime in an easy-to-read, two-page format.

 A brief exploration into types of felonies

Wikipedia on Felonies


BJS – Types of crime


And misdemeanors

Wikipedia information on misdemeanors


Drug Enforcement Administration Schedule of Drugs

US Department of Justice drug scheduling


Uniform Crime Reporting

FBI crime statistics for the USA



Drug Schedules


Schedule I drugs are those with a high potential for abuse, with an absence of any medical use, that are dangerous to the user even under medical supervision. The more commonly recognized types of these drugs are: heroin, LSD, mescaline, marijuana, and peyote.


Schedule II drugs have a high potential for abuse and a high potential for severe psychological or physical dependency, but are currently accepted for medical use. Schedule II drugs include opium, cocaine, methadone, amphetamines, and methamphetamines.


Schedule III drugs, by comparison have less potential for abuse than Schedule II drugs, a potential for moderate psychological or physical dependency, and an accepted medical use. The most well known Schedule III drug is naline, which is used to detect narcotic use.


Schedule IV drugs have less potential for abuse than Schedule III drugs, they have a limited potential for dependency, and they are accepted in medical treatment. These drugs include tranquilizers, meprobamate, chloral hydrate, most drugs that cause sleep, and sedatives.

Perceptions of Crime: Pew Research – 2016


Fear of Crime

‘Because they can get away with it’: Why African Americans are blamed for crimes they didn’t commit (ABC news 5.31.2020)